How to use Tax: Distribution and Conversion Tool
Illustrate Tax Efficient Distributions with Ease
The Tax Distribution screen displays the client's tax picture in the current or proposed plans over the financial planning timeline. To access, navigate to the client and select Tax > Distributions tab. RightCapital uses the tax brackets associated with the tax law indicated for the client in the Gear Icon > Settings > Other Assumptions area. Jump to the bottom of this article for additional details.
- Visualize tax impacts overtime on a client's plan
- Illustrate the impact of tax-efficient distribution strategies in retirement
- Demonstrate how your proposal will save the client from paying higher taxes
Changes made on the Tax Distribution screen will not automatically reflect within the Cash Flow or Tax Estimate projections.
The calibration screen allows advisors to see how close their clients are to income limits for federal income tax brackets, capital gains brackets, and Medicare adjustments. Advisors can also see the key tax components that make up the taxable income during each year of the financial plan. Users can toggle between the different graphs using the dropdown menu on the upper right side of the screen.
Ordinary income tax bracket graph
The initial chart displayed illustrates the client's adjusted taxable income over time (this is the value used to determine which tax bracket(s) the client falls into) and shows how that compares to different tax brackets over time. It shows how taxable income changes over the course of the projections.
Capital gains tax bracket graph
The capital gains tax bracket graph shows the household’s total taxable income in relation to capital gains tax brackets (0% and 15%). Capital gains income above the 15% bracket will be taxed at 20%.
Medicare premium tax bracket graph
The Medicare premium tax bracket graph shows the household’s Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) used to calculate adjustment to Medicare premiums in relation to the thresholds that trigger higher premiums (IRMAA). The lines on the graph denote the monthly increase to the premium amount based on MAGI thresholds.
When funding cash flow needs, RightCapital will default to taking money from taxable accounts first, then tax-deferred accounts, and lastly tax-free accounts. The withdrawal strategy dropdown menu allows users to adjust this distribution sequence and determine the impact on a financial plan. If users want to change the withdrawal strategy in a proposed plan they can choose the 'Distribution proposal' in the Retirement > Analysis > Action Items.
Note: If users change the withdrawal sequence to pull funding from 'Other- tax-deferred, taxable, tax-free', while the client is under 59.5 years old, RightCapital will pull from the taxable account before tax-deferred in the cash flow projections for the proposed plan.
By default, this strategy is selected as the Proposed Strategy on Tax Distributions, and is illustrated by comparing it to an approach where money is withdrawn proportionally from their various accounts ("pro-rata"):
The value listed reflects the difference in the tax-adjusted total investment value at the end of the plan. It is tax-adjusted in that we apply an assumed tax rate to any tax-deferred assets that represent the taxes that would still be due on those assets at death. You can adjust that assumed tax rate using the Estimated terminal tax rate slider in the Action Items:
Additionally, illustrate the impact of Roth conversions on the financial plan. Users can choose a conversion target then ‘fill up’ specific tax brackets with Roth conversions. Conversions can be used to fill up to ordinary income tax brackets, capital gains tax brackets, or to illustrate conversions to the point where income-based (‘IRMAA’) adjustments to Medicare premiums would be required.
The conversion target will allow users to choose from three separate conversion scenarios:
- If Ordinary income tax bracket is selected, the user will be able to use the slider bar to select which tax bracket to fill with Roth conversions.
- If Capital gains tax bracket is selected, there will be a different slider bar that allows the user to fill up to the 0% or 15% capital gains tax brackets, meaning that we will convert as much as possible without exceeding the specified bracket.
- If No IRMAA is selected, RightCapital will convert as much as possible without triggering IRMAA adjustments to Medicare premiums.
After selecting ordinary income tax bracket or capital gains tax bracket, use the slider in the action items to specify which bracket to fill with Roth Conversions. RightCapital will then calculate the amount that would need to be converted to bring the client's income to the tax bracket specified. The conversions will be generated in any year between the current year and the end of the plan where the adjusted taxable income is less than the specified bracket. Conversion opportunities will show until there's no tax-deferred assets left to convert.
The blue shaded area represents the new pattern of taxable income following the conversion. The conversions bring the taxable income up to the specified tax bracket line.
Click on items in the legend to turn them on or off in the chart to better show the taxable income with and without conversion.
For a brief overview of proposing & adding Roth Conversions in a financial plan watch this short video.
Click on the Comparison chart to isolate the impact of the conversion on the projected ending investment asset value and the composition of their ending investment assets by tax class:
Use the radio buttons to gain deeper insights to the withdraw with a Roth conversion compared to the withdraw without a Roth conversion. Finally, estimate the total account value of a client's assets comparing using a Roth conversion versus not using a Roth conversion.
Notice that hovering over various elements of the charts and graphs reveals detailed information.
Click on the Details tab to see the impact of different conversion targets on account types, tax brackets and Medicare premiums. Use the dropdown menu on the upper right corner to switch between the three options. The details tab is a helpful tool that demonstrates the effect of tax efficient distribution strategies on the future cash flow projections.
Withdrawal and conversion will illustrate the amounts generated as converted for each year, as well as other taxable, tax-deferred, and tax-free account data. This cash flow chart will illustrate how much can be converted to Roth each year based on the strategy set within the Calibration & Comparison tab action items. The remaining columns that show "withdrawal from" and "account balance" will emphasize the impact of Roth Conversion and additional taxation on each bucket of assets. It is common to see additional income from accounts needed in years when Roth Conversions are created to fund the additional tax liability.
Tax details shows the total federal taxes paid in each year, and shows the maximum ordinary income and capital gains tax brackets in those years.
Medicare premiums shows the total Medicare premiums in each year if either client has elected to use the ‘Detailed estimate’ option for Retirement Health Care costs.
Additional impacts: tax brackets and tax law
If the tax law is set to TCJA with the sunset provision, RightCapital will utilize the current tax brackets through 2025 and then revert to the 2017 tax brackets. This is referenced on the screen by listing the respective tax rates associated with the brackets; e.g. the '12%/15% tax bracket' illustrates the current 12% bracket through 2025 and then reverts to the prior 15% bracket.
When using Roth conversions to "fill up" the tax bracket, RightCapital will use the same approach - first to calculate the amount needed to fill the current 12% bracket through 2025 and then to fill the old 15% bracket thereafter.
Reflecting conversions in Monte Carlo projections
Changes made in the Tax Distribution screen can be reflected instantly within any proposed plan. To apply a distribution proposal, visit the Retirement Analysis module and access the action items at the bottom of the screen. On the right side of the action items, advisors can choose the Distribution Strategy. Once the selection is changed to "distribution proposal", details from the Tax Distribution screen will flow into the proposed plan.
Specify the amount, the year(s) of conversions, whether they are coming from an IRA or 401(k) account, and select 'Convert to Roth IRA' in the Convert/rollover drop-down box to reflect a Roth conversion.
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For additional assistance leveraging the tax tab within your client presentations please contact Support.