2018 Tax Change (TCJA) details

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA)

Effective January 15th, 2018, RightCapital has been updated to reflect changes associated with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). All existing client accounts have been set to reflect the TCJA changes, including the sunset of provisions that expire in 2025.

There is now the flexibility to illustrate client plans under three different tax law frameworks.

Select the Client plan's Gear Icon > Settings > Tax Assumptions tab:
Use the "Tax law" drop-down box to select the tax framework used in calculating the client's projections:
  1. TCJA sunset 2025: reflects all updated provisions related to TCJA, including the sunsetting of most individual income tax provisions in 2025
  2. TCJA no sunset: reflects all updated provisions related to TCJA for the entire duration of the plan (ignores the sunset provisions).
  3. 2017 tax law: reflects all tax provisions before the enactment of TCJA, as would be used in clients' 2017 tax calculations.

Details of Changes

The following updates to the system have been made to reflect tax law changes associated with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA). For more details about what has and has not changed, we suggest this article by Michael Kitces ↗️.

New Tax Brackets

Tax Brackets have been updated to the new 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, and 35% brackets with associated income thresholds.

The Standard Deduction, Exemptions, Credits

The 2024 standard deductions under TCJA have been updated to:

  • Single & Married Filing Separately: $14,600

  • Married Filing Jointly: $29,200

  • Head of Household: $21,900

This is reflected on line 12 of the projected 1040. Personal exemptions, previously seen on line 42, have been eliminated.
The child tax credit has been increased to $2,000 per child, illustrated on line 19, and the associated income phaseout thresholds have been increased.

Qualified Business Income

The new deduction for qualified business income has been incorporated. This provides a 20% deduction for business income from an LLC, partnership, or S corporation.

Deductions on any income indicated from a business type of LLC, partnership, or S Corp, as well as any 'Self-employment income' will automatically be included. The deduction is 20% of business income, capped at 20% of taxable income (pre-deduction).

The deduction is phased out based on income limits for 'specified services businesses'. By default we assume that any business is a 'specified services' business; modify this assumption by un-checking the 'Service business' box found on the business or self-employment income card.

For business income coming from a 'Service business', in 2024 the deduction phases out:

  • Filing Joint: phase-out begins at $383,900 of taxable income (pre-deduction), and is fully phased out by $483,900 (2023 values: $364,200 - $464,200).

  • Filing Single: phase-out begins at $191,950 and is fully phased out at $241,950 (2023 values: $182,100 - $232,100).

  • The phase-out reduces the deduction by 1% of business income per $1,000 of taxable income for couples and 2% of business income per $1,000 of taxable income for single.

At this time we do not consider the limitation on deductions associated with the number of wages paid to employees.

You can see the qualified business income deduction on line 13 of the 1040.
Itemized deductions

The $10,000 cap on state & local Income tax and property tax deductions has been included.

Any expense indicated as a miscellaneous itemized deduction will no longer be reflected as a deduction on Schedule A.

AMT exemption updated

The AMT exemption amounts and phaseouts have been updated under TCJA. For 2024:

  • Single/Head of Household: $85,700 - $609,350

  • Married filing separately: $66,650 - $609,350

  • Married filing jointly: $133,300 - $1,218,700

Additional Impacts

When using the Distribution and Conversion tool on the Tax > Distribution screen, RightCapital will use the tax brackets associated with the tax law indicated for the client.

If the tax law is set to TCJA with the sunset provision, the current tax brackets will be utilized through 2025 and then revert to the 2017 tax brackets. This is referenced on the screen by listing the respective tax rates associated with the brackets; e.g. the '12%/15% tax bracket' illustrates the current 12% bracket through 2025 and then reverts to the prior 15% bracket.

When using Roth conversions to 'fill up' the tax bracket, the same approach will be used - the amount needed to fill the current 12% bracket through 2025 will be calculated and then the old 15% bracket thereafter. For more details about the Distribution and Conversion tool, click here.

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For additional assistance within RightCapital please contact our Support team.

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